A good mattress, as well as a high–quality bed, is the key to a good rest and a great mood, so you should choose them carefully, but you should not overpay. Place your bet on well-known manufacturers, check the assembly and convenience, do not forget about the warranty.
A piece of furniture designed for lying down. In residential areas, it is usually located in the bedroom. It can be rectangular or square in shape. Designed for sleeping.
The bed usually has four supports (except for specific models), with the help of which its frame is raised above the floor, backrests (front and back) and a mattress. The frame, supports and headboards of the bed can be made of metal, wood and less often of other materials.
The headboard and footboard are connected with legs from which pillars can go.
This design of the bed allows you to temporarily place or store things under it (for example, a suitcase with things) and hang things on the back.
A more complex bed design includes vertical pillars and even in some cases a roof. This addition, combined with the curtains covering it, separates the space of the room from the space where the bed itself is located. An additional function of such a compartment can be insect protection. Suspended on a cornice or columns, the fabric covering the bed is called a canopy.
Removable element of a bed or sofa, providing a soft and warm place for lying and sitting.
Before the invention of mattresses (about 5 thousand years ago), mankind used branches and animal skins to soften beds. The first cotton mattresses appeared in Mesopotamia, Egypt and Babylon around the XXX century BC. Ancient mattresses were made of cotton, although around the XVII century BC. in Persia, the first water beds appeared in the form of goat skin bags filled with water.
The technology of mattresses changed little until the XIX century, when, after the invention of steel springs for stuffing the seat of a chair (1853), in 1871 X. Westphal (German Heinrich Westphal) patented in Germany the use of these springs in mattresses. Almost simultaneously, the water bed was re-invented: in 1873, D. Paget used these beds for the prevention of bedsores at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital in London. By 1895, waterbeds were sold in stores, but did not become popular until the 20th century, when vinyl was invented.
Polyurethane foam, invented in Germany in 1937, began to be used in mattresses in the USA in the 1950s. Polyester for the mattress cover was used by Dupont in 1959.